Surface physics

Surface physics

Physical and chemical processes on the surfaces of solids are the governing factors in modern nanotechnological applications in energy economy, chemical industry or environmental protection. The work group of Surface Physics develops and applies refined experimental and theoretical methods in order to understand surface physico‑chemical phenomena on the fundamental research level and applies the knowledge in the development of new nanotechnologies, thus reaching out into the applied research domain. One predominant research field is the development of catalysts for energy conversion in fuel cells, in which the group has been successfully optimizing the Platinum efficiency and minimizing the resource cost of the advanced catalysts. The successes in the area of catalyst development result from a solid instrumentál foundation, which covers synthesis and characterization of novel nanostructured materials and the analysis of surface physico‑chemical phenomena down to atomic level. Other research topics due highlighting are the research and development of sensors of non‑electrical observables and development of semiconductor nanostructures.

The Surface Physics laboratory (SPL) commands a broad range of laboratory techniques including a synchrotron beam line laboratory (the Materials Science Beamline, MSB) at the synchrotron Elettra in Italy. This research infrastructure (SPL‑MSB) is open to international user access as the Czech representing laboratory in the Central European Research Infrastructure Consortium (CERIC‑ERIC). The Surface Physics group participates in a number of European and international collaborative scientific projects and, presently, also it is a coordinator of the EU 7th Framework Programme project chipCAT.

Selected outputs

  • Bruix, A; Lykhach, Y; Matolinova, I; Neitzel, A; Skala, T; Tsud, N; Vorokhta, M; Stetsovych, V; Sevcikova, K; Myslivecek, J; Fiala, R; Vaclavu, M; Prince, KC; Bruyere, S; Potin, V; Illas, F; Matolin, V; Libuda, J; Neyman, KM: Maximum Noble-Metal Efficiency in Catalytic Materials: Atomically Dispersed Surface Platinum. Angewandte Chemie-International Edition 53, 10525–10530 (2014).

  • Stetsovych, V; Pagliuca, F; Dvorak, F; Duchon, T; Vorokhta, M; Aulicka, M; Lachnitt, J; Schernich, S; Matolinova, I; Veltruska, K; Skala, T; Mazur, D; Myslivecek, J; Libuda, J; Matolin, V: Epitaxial Cubic Ce2O3 Films via Ce–CeO2 Interfacial Reaction. Journal of Physical Chemistry Lettres 4, 866–871 (2013).

  • Vayssilov, GN; Lykhach, Y; Migani, A; Staudt, T; Petrova, GP; Tsud, N; Skala, T; Bruix, A; Illas, F; Prince, KC; Matolin, V; Neyman, KM; Libuda, J: Support nanostructure boosts oxygen transfer to catalytically active platinum nanoparticles. Nature Materials 10, 310–315, (2011).

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